ALD is caused by liver fat buildup from alcohol. Abstinence from alcohol reverses this early liver damage.
Prolonged and heavy alcohol use can lead to alcoholic hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver. Symptoms may include jaundice, abdominal pain, and nausea.
Chronic alcohol consumption is a leading cause of cirrhosis, which is the scarring of liver tissue. Cirrhosis is irreversible and can lead to liver failure.
Alcohol can promote the development of fibrosis, which is the excessive accumulation of connective tissue in the liver, impairing its function.
Chronic alcohol abuse is associated with an increased risk of developing liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma).
Alcohol can affect liver enzymes, such as ALT and AST which are markers of liver function. Elevated levels may indicate liver damage.
Over time, the liver's ability to metabolize alcohol diminishes, leading to higher blood alcohol levels and increased intoxication.
Excessive alcohol consumption can weaken the immune system, making the liver more susceptible to infections and inflammation.